Building the contract

Now it is time to build our contract. We can use a traditional cargo build pipeline for local testing purposes: cargo build for compiling it and cargo test for running all tests (which we don't have yet, but we will work on that soon).

However, we need to create a wasm binary to upload the contract to blockchain. We can do it by passing an additional argument to the build command:

$ cargo build --target wasm32-unknown-unknown --release

The --target argument tells cargo to perform cross-compilation for a given target instead of building a native binary for an OS it is running on - in this case, wasm32-unknown-unknown, which is a fancy name for Wasm target.

Additionally, I passed the --release argument to the command - it is not required, but in most cases, debug information is not very useful while running on-chain. It is crucial to reduce the uploaded binary size for gas cost minimization. It is worth knowing that there is a CosmWasm Rust Optimizer tool that takes care of building even smaller binaries. For production, all the contracts should be compiled using this tool, but for learning purposes, it is not an essential thing to do.

Aliasing build command

Now I can see you are disappointed in building your contracts with some overcomplicated command instead of simple cargo build. Fortunately, it is not the case. The common practice is to alias the building command to make it as simple as building a native app.

Let's create the .cargo/config file in your contract project directory with the following content:

wasm = "build --target wasm32-unknown-unknown --release"
wasm-debug = "build --target wasm32-unknown-unknown"

Now, building your Wasm binary is as easy as executing cargo wasm. We also added the additional wasm-debug command for rare cases when we want to build the wasm binary, including debug information.

Checking contract validity

When the contract is built, the last step is to ensure it is a valid CosmWasm contract is to call cosmwasm-check on it:

$ cargo wasm
$ cosmwasm-check ./target/wasm32-unknown-unknown/release/contract.wasm
Available capabilities: {"cosmwasm_1_1", "staking", "stargate", "iterator", "cosmwasm_1_2"}

./target/wasm32-unknown-unknown/release/contract.wasm: pass